Inkscape Tutorials: Filter Editor

In this exercise we will be using very basic inkscape techniques to start drawing a sunset. Follow the step-by-step instructions to create the sea, sky and sunset.
  • Change the layout of the page to landscape
  • Draw the sky background (rectangle)
  • Draw the ocean (rectangle)
  • Draw the sun (ellipse - use control button the make sure the ellipse is a circle)
  • Fill the shapes with the right color
  • Lower the sun (behind the ocean)
In this excercise we will be improving the sunset drawing by adding a gradient and some blur.
  • Change the color of the sun using the Fill and Stroke dialog
  • Add some blur to the sun
  • Remove the stroke from the ocean object
  • Add and edit a radial gradient to the sky
In this exercise we will edit the shape of the sun using a boolean function and add a reflection to the surface of the sea.
  • Duplicate the circle with control+D
  • Duplicate the ocean with control+D
  • Cut the lower part out of the sun using boolean function "difference"
  • Move, mirror and stretch the duplicated sun object to form the reflection on the water
  • Change the shape of the reflection using the node editor
  • Convert the sun from a circle object to a path
  • Change the shape of the sun using the node editor
  • Make the reflection transparent and change the color just a little
Here we use the Bezier Tool and the Node Editor to add some simple clouds to our drawing.
  • Rename the layer to "Background"
  • Add a layer named "Clouds"
  • Use a Bezier curve to draw a cloud outline
  • Set the fill to white
  • Edit the shape using the node editor.
  • Remove the stroke
  • Add blur and transparency to the cloud
  • Copy the cloud, move it, and flip it
In this exercise we will start creating a filter for the sun.
  • Select the sun and open the filter editor
  • Remove the blur and create a new filter named sun
  • Add a turbulence effect
  • Set frequency to about 0,006 in the x direction and 0,07 in the y direction
  • Add a blend effect
  • The second input is the source graphic. In this way we combine the turbulence with the original shape
  • Add a composite effect to keep the original sun shape. (Use the In operator)
In this exercise we complete the sun filter and add a filter for the clouds.

  • Use a Color Matrix to make the sun turbulence more orange
  • To do this we convert the red, green and blue values to a combination of red and green
  • Use a displacement map to distort the edges of the sun
  • Add a Gaussian blur
  • Create a new filter for the clouds
  • Add a Turbulence with a frequency of about 0,04
  • Add a Displacement map with a Scale of 70
  • Adjust the Filter General Settings
  • Set Octaves to 4
  • Apply Bevel -- Smart jelly in addition
Here we are going to use diffuse and specular filter primitives to draw waves on the surface of the ocean water.

  • Add a new filter named waves
  • Add a turbulence effect
  • Set the base frequency in the x direction to 0,015
  • Set the base frequency in the y direction to 0,06
  • Set the octaves to 10
  • Add the diffuse lighting effect
  • Set the color of the light to the same orange as the sun (use
  • eyedropper tool)
  • Set the light source to distant light
  • Set Azimuth to 270 degrees
  • Modify the Filter General Settings
  • Use blend to combine the diffuse lighting with the source graphic
Sun's reflection:
  • Add the tag enable-background="new" to the file
  • Add a new filter named SpecularRelfection
  • We want to convert all non-blue parts in the background to transparent so add a color matrix and set the input to Background Image
  • Set the first two rows to all zero's
  • Leave the third row as if
  • The fourth row should be set to -0.5, -0.5, 0, 1, 0
  • Add a specular lighting effect
  • Use the eyedropper to select an orange color
  • Set Surface scale to maximum
  • Set the Constant to 2
  • Set Exponent to 10
  • Set the Azimuth angle to 270 degrees
  • Use a composite effect to cut out the proper shape
  • Apply a small blur
This is a short instruction on how to enable the background image and background alpha as inputs in the filter editor in Inkscape.
  • Save and close your inkscape file
  • Open the file with a simple text editor
  • Add the following line within the first tag <svg ....>: enable-background="new"
  • Save and close the file
  • Reopen the file with inkscape